Understanding the COVID-19 Variants

Updated July 19, 2022

Since the very first case of COVID-19 was registered in Canada back in late January 2020, a lot has happened. Certain cities and provinces have been hit by the virus much harder than others, many families have lost loved ones, and people have endured multiple periods of lockdown. On the bright side, the country made great progress with its vaccine rollout, which is helped many Canadians feel hopeful again. Unfortunately, there’s something else we need to add to the mix: COVID-19 variants.

What are they? Where did they come from? How can we protect ourselves against them? These are the questions we will attempt to answer in this article.

Why Are New Coronavirus Variants Emerging?

Viruses mutate, that is a fact. As explained by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, “viruses constantly change through mutation, and new variants of a virus are expected to occur. Sometimes new variants emerge and disappear. Other times, new variants persist. Multiple variants of the virus that causes COVID-19 have been documented in the United States and globally during this pandemic.”

The reason behind viral mutations, according to the CDC, is that viruses are like growing trees, branching out and diversifying. Each variation is slightly different than the others, but they still come from the same tree. Because of this, not all variants spread at equal rates or respond to the same treatments, which is why bioscientists need to keep monitoring them very closely.

Related: How to Prevent the Spread of Covid-19 Proactively?

Up until recently, all known variants of coronavirus were called by the name of the country where they were first detected, but that is no longer the case. As a strategy to avoid people from stigmatizing these nations and their citizens, the World Health Organization (WHO) determined that variants will now be named using letters from the Greek alphabet.

Following this order, the current COVID-19 variants will be known as Alpha (variant B.1.1.7, originated in the United Kingdom), Beta (variant B.1.351, originated in South Africa), Gamma (variant P.1, originated in Brazil), and Delta (variant B.1.617.2, originated in India).

Among these variants, the B.1.617, declared by WHO as “a global concern” in early May 2021, is the one that is present in Canada, and it seems to be spreading fast. CTV recently reported that from May 12 to May 19 “Public Health Ontario (PHO) said the number of known positive cases of the B.1.617 coronavirus variant grew from 45 to 260. It is almost certainly even higher today.”

The Omicron Variant

In late November 2021, the World Health Organization (WHO) designated the variant B.1.1.529 a variant of concern named Omicron, on the advice of its Technical Advisory Group on Virus Evolution (TAG-VE).

WHO said that "preliminary evidence suggests there may be an increased risk of reinfection with Omicron (ie, people who have previously had COVID-19 could become reinfected more easily with Omicron), as compared to other variants of concern." The organization also said that information is limited at the moment and that vaccines remain critical to reducing severe disease and death, including against the dominant circulating variant, Delta.

The Omicron variant has been detected in Canada, causing provincial governments to consider offering booster shots to people. In the meantime, they have recommended physical distancing whenever possible, hand sanitization, and other measures to keep everyone safe.

How Can We Protect Ourselves Against the COVID-19 Variants?

As new variants of coronavirus keep emerging, it is clear that the best way to protect ourselves is to keep wearing face coverings when in close proximity to others, especially in enclosed spaces; continue ventilating spaces as much as possible, naturally or mechanically; and keep on disinfecting all the high-touch surfaces we have a contact within our daily lives using hard surface disinfectants known to be effective against COVID-19 and other viruses.

Related: Fogging Cleaning, Everything You Need To Know

There are, of course, dozens of hard surface disinfectants and hand sanitizers out there, but not all of them are reliable. To know which ones are, it is best to consult the list of disinfectants with evidence for use against COVID-19 posted by the government of Canada. It includes all disinfectants that have been registered under a drug identification number (DIN) and that are currently approved to be commercialized in the country. These products have been evaluated and there is evidence that supports their effectiveness against, SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Coronavirus.

As we explained at the beginning of this article, variants of a virus are different from one another, but just like branches of a tree, they all come from the same source. Therefore, it can be safe to assure that a disinfectant that has been proven to be effective against the first variant of the virus, is very likely to be effective against the new ones. So, unless the government states otherwise, people can keep practicing the same cleaning and disinfection measures against the new variants of COVID-19, as long as they make sure to use authorized disinfectant products identified with a DIN, for extra safety.


New Omicron Variants Identified in 2022

The World Health Organization said recently that "subvariants of Omicron, like BA.4 and BA.5, continue to drive waves of new cases, hospitalizations, and deaths around the world." The BA.5 Omicron COVID-19 subvariant in particular is much more transmissible than previous mutations of Omicron.

Another variant, BA.2.12.1., has been identified as being more likely than the others to evade vaccination immunity and infect people more easily.

In light of these new developments, Canadian health experts are recommending people be cautious when travelling this summer, make sure to buy International travel medical insurance, continue wearing masks in crowded spaces, and have their COVID-19 vaccines up to date.

Best Disinfectants Against the New COVID-19 Variants

Of all the disinfectant products indicated on Health Canada’s list, the one we recommend the most is Ultra-Lyte (DIN 02362546), which is a spray-on sanitizer and disinfectant with powerful antimicrobial properties. Its active ingredient is hypochlorous acid, a compound that is also produced by humans in white blood cells to fight infections and promote healing, which is why this product is non-irritant to skin, lungs, or eyes, and it is safe to use around pets and plants.

Apart from being effective against the Human Coronavirus, Ultra-Lyte has also been proven to be effective against Norovirus, Escherichia coli, Listeria, Salmonella, Staphylococcus, and Influenza A (H1N1). To get the best results, the solution should be given 10 minutes of contact time after application and then allowed to air dry.

Ultra-Lyte is recommended for disinfecting and sanitizing surfaces and spaces in hospitals, nursing homes, medical facilities, commercial, institutional and industrial settings, as well as meat and poultry plants. Additionally, it can be used on food contact surfaces such as counters and tables, and to pre-clean or decontaminate critical or semi-critical medical devices prior to sterilization.

As COVID-19 variants continue to develop and cases keep increasing across the country, it is a good idea to ensure your business and home are fully stocked with the right disinfection products to take care of yourself and those around you. You can also consider investing on a fogger or sprayer to make disinfecting and sanitizing part of your daily routine.

Visit our store to discover our selection of devices and chose the one that suits your needs, whether you have a large business facility to take care of or an average-sized home. You will also find personal sanitization devices to keep with you on the go.

And if you prefer to leave the disinfection and sanitization of your spaces to professionals, you can always book our services. Contact us today for more information.

Stay safe out there!

Don't miss these stories

Give us a call today!    1-855-561-4512